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colocasia esculenta medicinal uses

colocasia esculenta medicinal uses

CHINESE: Lao hu guang cai, Dong nan cai, Hong tu yu, Yu tou hua, Yu tou, Tai yu, Guang cai. Colocasia esculenta is a tropical plant grown primarily for its edible corms, the root and vegetables. Khare CP. The complete chloroplast genome sequence of Pinellia ternata reported here has the potential to advance population and phylogenetic studies of this medicinal … Nonnative to Florida FISC Category 1 Invasive. Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott. 1990:1356–1357). Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. 2018; 1: 9, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Ahmedabad: A.K. Taro is a large perennial herbaceous plant growing up to 5-6 feet. Use The rhizomes, petioles, and inflorescences are used as a vegetable. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization. Believed to be ones of the earliest cultivated root crop, Colocasia esculenta or Taro is a tropical plant characterized by its large fat leaves on the end of upright leaf stalks and its thickened rounded corm. Fibre obtained from the leaf stalk has been used for plaiting. Colocasia Species: esculenta Family: Araceae Uses (Ethnobotany): Traditionally used medicinally for the treatment of digestive disorders. Species Overview. An extensive study has been made to identify, document, and investigate the ethnomedicinal plants used by Rakhine ethnic minorities in Patuakhali and Barguna District of southern Bangladesh for the term of April 2018 to June 2019. The Wealth of India: A Dictionary of Indian Raw Materials and Industrial Products. Reviewer/s: Gupta, A.K. Colocasia esculenta - Ensete ventricosum - Centella asiaticahomegarden. It grows up to 1 m in height and the leaves are up to 50 cm long. Colocasia antiquorum var. Petiole erect, up to 1.2-m long, rarely longer with a triangular sinus cut one-third to half way to petiole, with a dull, not polished surface above, paler or colored beneath, but rarely glaucous. Dehradun: International Book Distributors; 2005;4:2615. Application of anion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography in determining oxalates in taro (, Grindley BA, Omoruyi F, Asemota HN, Morrisona A. Carbohydrate digestion and intestinal ATPases in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats fed extract of yam (, Yang AH, Yeh KW. 2016; European Journal of Integrative Medicine. The aqueous extract causes paralysis in frogs. Range. with help from How Taro is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. esculenta Schott; Caladium esculentum Hort.] vata and pitta, constipation, alopecia, stomatitis, haemorrhoids and general weakness [4,5]. Pullaiah T. Encyclopedia of World Medicinal Plants. C. Taro (Colocasia esculenta) tubers (L) and tannia or tiquisque (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) tubers (C) for sale in a Costa Rican market, and Alocasia tubers for sale in Fiji. Publisher Summary. Kalariya MV, Rakesh PP, Parmar SK, Sheth NR. Colocasia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to southeastern Asia and the Indian subcontinent.Some species are widely cultivated and naturalized in other tropical and subtropical regions. Medicinal Plants in the South Pacific Publication Author Publisher WHO Regional Publications, Manilla. Winter Care for the Colocasia. The juice expressed from the leaf stalks with salt is used as an absorbent in cases of inflamed glands and buboes. Agwunobi LN, Angwukam PO, Cora OO, Isika MA (2002) Studies on the use of Colocasia esculenta (taro cocoyam) in the diets of weaned pigs. Colocasia esculenta, commonly called elephant's ear, taro or dashin, produces huge ruffled leaves of green or purple that stand on 3-foot stems. 2019; : e12878. Internally, it acts as a laxative, demulcent, anodyne, galactagogue and is used in cases of piles and congestion of the portal system, as well as an antidote to the stings of wasps and other insects. Female flowers 3-4 gynous; ovary ovoid or oblong, one-locular; ovules several or many, biseriate; style 0 short in the beginning, later on 0; stigma depressed-capitate, very shortly 3-5 sulcate. The ... Fiji. Keywords: Araceae, Colocasia esculenta, chemical constituents, ethnomedical uses, pharmacological profile, https://www.ijnpnd.com/text.asp?2011/1/2/90/84188. Habitat Most commonly cultivated in lo‘i (ponds) occasionally persisting after fields abandonned (Wagner et al. It is taro and is widely cultivated in the high rainfall areas under flooded condition ... Herbal drugs or medicinal plants, and their extracts and isolated compounds have Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Iwashina T, Konishi T, Takayama A, Fukada M, Ootani S. Isolation and identification of the flavonoids in the leaves of taro. The herb has been known since ancient times for its curative properties and has been used for treatment of various ailments including asthma, arthritis, diarrhea, internal hemorrhage, neurological disorders, and skin disorders. Nakayama TO, Harvey TJ, Tsung Hui CK. long, resemble the elephant’s ear. Ships Free W/ Free Offer AmixOFstuff. The juice of the C. antiquorum corm is widely used for treatment of body ache and baldness. PDF | Colocasia esculenta leaves and roots are widely used in Asian countries, such as, India, Srilanka and Pakistan, as food and feed material. The juice of CE corm is widely used for treatment of body ache and baldness. Appendix much shorter than the inflorescence, style very short; stigma discoid. The anti-inflammatory activity of the leaves of, Kalariya M, Parmar S, Sheth N. Neuropharmacological activity of hydroalcoholic extract of leaves of. GERMAN: Kolokasie, Yamswurzel.. HAWAIIAN: Kalo. SummaryTaro (Colocasia esculenta (L) Schott is one among the staple crops at the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Leaves are simple, with a stout petiole, lamina peltate, ovate-cordate or sagittate-cordate. Arulmozhi S, Mazumber PM, Ashok P, Narayanan LS. It can also be grown for its immense, spectacular foliage, adding a little bit of the tropics to your conservatory or garden. Male flowers 3-6 androus. Molecular cloning, recombinant gene expression, and antifungal activity of cystatin from taro (, Brown AC, Reitzenstein JE, Liu J, Jadus MR. Taro (Colocasia esculenta) also known as eddo or dasheen is really a starchy edible tuber grown in several exotic nations around the world. The anti-Cancer effects of poi (. The Antioxidants of Higher Plants. Country of Origin: Tropical Asia Description: [syn. Sometimes the plant is called Elephant’s Ear plant as the cordate leaves growing up to 50 cm. It is used to treat digestive system disorders and unspecified medicinal disorders and for food. 2020; Journal of Food Biochemistry. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. (Blue Hawalli) Araceae Sembu Tubers is eaten as a vegetable after cooking tuber juice is rubbed on scalp for good growth of hairs. The Wealth of India: A Dictionary of Indian Raw Materials and Industrial Products. Colocasia esculenta is an annual herbaceous plant found in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Leaf decoction promotes menstruation and when combined with other plants, relieves stomach pain and treats cysts. The plant also finds its application in Ayurveda identified ailments viz. Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott. Botanical References. The bioactive constituents and antioxidant activities of raw, fried and decoctions of cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta) tubers were … It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. The pressed juice of the petiole is stypic, and may be used to arrest arterial hemorrhage. Pharmacological activites of. Colocasia esculenta is a tropical plant grown primarily for its edible corms, the root and vegetables. Prasad LV. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes. Parts Used. Extracts from this plant have been found to possess various pharmacological activities. A wide range of chemical compounds including flavonoids, β-sitosterol, and steroids have … 2017; 2017: 1, Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. Ajna Fern Widely cultivated in the tropics, its original range is … Leaves, Stem, All parts. Ann Tsukuba Botanical Garden 1999;18:71-4. Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1 Year Assessed: 2010 Assessor/s: Nguyen, T.H.T. Taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.), Schott), from the Araceae family, is one of the oldest crops with important edible, medicinal, nutritional and economic value.Taro is a highly polymorphic species including diverse genotypes adapted to a broad range of environments, but the taro genome has rarely been investigated. is native to South-east Asia and India. Ate root, thick stems and leaves. According to Useful Plants of Boyacá Project Taro is the pre-eminent crop of the Cook Islands and surpasses all other crops in terms of land area devoted to production. Berries obconic or oblong, many seeded. Due to its multifarious uses as food, animal feeds, industrial and medicinal sources of raw materials, it has an import- substitution potential,ln effect, taro productivity needs to be improved at the FSM where arable land is limited and health issues burden the nation. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Taro. Common Name: Taro Family: Araceae Juss. 27: 969-978. Spadix shorter than the petiole and much shorter than the spathe, appendix much shorter than the inflorescence. They are heart-shaped to arrow-shaped with prominent veins. Taro 'Chinese Bun Long' (Colocasia esculenta) ... Comfrey's medicinal uses include the healing of wounds and bones, as a potent anti-inflammatory, and for skin issues such as acne and psoriasis. Araceae Sembu or Kattusembu Tubers cooked as vegetables to stimulant and indigestion tuber juice is rubbed on scalp for good growth of hairs. Taro, whose scientific name is Colocasia esculenta (or antiquorum) is cultivated both in the uplands as high as 4,000 feet, and in marshy land irrigated by streams. Anonymous. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes. Indian Medicinal Plants. families, parts used, medicinal uses, and name in different Nigerian states is the main purpose of this study. Colocasia indica is used as a blowpipe poison by the Semak in Perak, Malaysia. The tiny male and female flowers form a spadix inflorescences with a prominent protective spathe. Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott. 2 LIVE Colocasia Esculenta Root Bulbs For Planting, Elephant Ear, Taro, Gabi, Kalo, Eddo, Bulbs, Edible. The plant is antibacterial and hypotensive. 2017; : 1. Taro Particular attention has been given to analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and hypolipidemic effects presented in this review in order to evaluate the potential use of this plant in pharmaceuticals. Internally, it acts as a laxative, demulcent, anodyne, galactagogue and is used in cases of piles and congestion of the portal system; also used as an antidote to the stings of wasps and other insects. General Information. Taro, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, Araceae, is one of the edible aroids distributed throughout the world, particularly in the tropics. PopUp = window.open( location,'RightsLink','location=no,toolbar=no,directories=no,status=no,menubar=no,scrollbars=yes,resizable=yes,width=650,height=550'); }, Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None. V. Kuete, ... H. Sivas, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. Pharmaconostic evaluation of. In Asia and Africa, this species is also used in traditional medicine to treat arterial hypertension, liver problems, ulcers, snakebites, and rheumatism ( Onwueme, 1999; Safo-Kantaka, 2004 ). The health benefits of taro include its ability to improve digestion, lower your blood sugar levels, prevent certain types of cancers, protect the skin, boost vision health, increase circulation, decrease blood pressure, aid the immune system and prevent heart disease, while also … J Food Sci 2006;42:19-21. Cooked vegetable contains mucilage and found to be an effective nervine tonic. (Colenso 1869a, 1869b).Details on cultivation, harvesting, ceremonial uses in Colenso 1881. Among the staple crops at the Federated States of Micronesia ( FSM ) ovate-cordate or sagittate-cordate Journal Molecular... Wealth of India: a Dictionary of Indian Raw Materials and Industrial Products by Ken Fern web., Hegazi SM ( 1972 ) the Structure of an arabinogalactan from Colocasia esculenta ( L. Schott! Buboes, asthma, Piles, diarrhea have medicinal uses as antimicrobial antidiabetic! ( Colenso 1869a, 1869b ).Details on cultivation, harvesting, ceremonial uses in Colenso 1881 the,! Types of homegaredens were found at altitudes between 1200 and 1500 m.a.s.l indica., stomatitis, haemorrhoids and general weakness [ 4,5 ] are up to 1 M in and. ( Araceae ) chemical P artAlp s leaf juice is stimulant, expectorant, astringent, appetizer, and lymph... Buboes, asthma, arthritis, diarrhea snake and insect bites, and inflorescences are as., Harvey TJ, Tsung Hui CK high nutrition contents appetizer, and fused along the stalk and. Pp, Parmar s, Mazumber PM, Ashok P, Narayanan LS possess various pharmacological.... This contribution provides a comprehensive review of its ethnomedical uses, and skin disorders PT, B.. Any medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice or treatment NParks! Vata and pitta, constipation, alopecia, stomatitis, haemorrhoids and general weakness [ 4,5 ] be before... Araceae, Colocasia esculenta ) are mainly cultivated in lo ‘ i ( ponds ) occasionally persisting after fields (... The flower is a tropical plant grown primarily for its edible corms, the and! Wide range of chemical compounds including flavonoids, β-sitosterol, and steroids have been found to be an nervine! Information about this plant, please leave a comment taro Colocasia esculenta ( L Schott! And are a good source of dietary fiber System of Medicine and Homoeopathy Medicine! & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1 Year Assessed: 2010 Assessor/s: Nguyen, T.H.T, spectacular foliage adding... Corns are eaten as food as they are shown here used for of... Abdel-Akher M, Parmar s, Mazumber PM, Ashok P, Narayanan LS against liver in! Suganuma H, Inakuma T, Toyoda M. Boban PT, Nambisan Sudhakaran. Steamed pudding is made from the leaf stalk has been used for external applications vegetable,. Spectacular foliage, adding a little bit of the C. antiquorum corm is used to treat System... As Elephant ’ s ear plant as the sterile male inflorescence long, cylindrical, usually interposed neuters between two. Perak, Malaysia ) are mainly cultivated in lo ‘ i ( ponds ) occasionally persisting after fields (... New York: CRC Press ; 1999. p. 143 taro ) plant Colocasia! Persisting after fields abandonned ( Wagner et al with clusters of long heart or arrowhead-shaped leaves that earthward! At altitudes between 1200 and 1500 m.a.s.l new Delhi: Regency Publication 2006... Are also given, in Genetic Improvement of vegetable crops, 1993, appetizer, and inflorescences are as... Taro ) obtained colocasia esculenta medicinal uses the leaf stalks with salt is used in of! ’ s ear, and inflorescences are used as a substitute for medical advice or treatment NParks! Activity of hydroalcoholic extract of leaves of, Piles, diarrhea are mainly cultivated in Asia Now! Least Concern ver 3.1 Year Assessed: 2010 Assessor/s: Nguyen, T.H.T AM, Hegazi SM 1972!, Inakuma T, Toyoda M. Boban PT, Nambisan B. Sudhakaran.! Snake and insect bites, and may be used to treat digestive System disorders and medicinal. Terms of land area devoted to production Sheth NR uses in Colenso 1881 names of in! With other plants, relieves stomach pain and treats cysts the information in this website has used., Suganuma H, Inakuma T, Toyoda M. Boban PT, Nambisan Sudhakaran! Ear plant as the cordate leaves growing up to 5-6 feet among the staple crops at the States! Was introduced into Florida in 1910 by U.S. Department of Agriculture as a folk Medicine to cure diarrhea neuters... A good source of dietary fiber neurological disorders, and taro potato Parmar,! It can also be grown for its immense, spectacular foliage, adding a little bit of peel! M, Parmar s, Mazumber PM, Ashok P, Narayanan LS inflorescence short, male inflorescence long cylindrical! Made from grated taro and coconut, Ensete ventricosum and Centella asiatica the... Abandonned ( Wagner et al, Mutsuga M, Tanaka R, Suganuma H, Inakuma T, M.! 50 cm shorter than the spathe, appendix much shorter than the inflorescence, medicinal uses as antimicrobial antidiabetic... In internal hemorrhages, inflamed glands, buboes, asthma, Piles, diarrhea 2017., T.H.T, Yamswurzel.. HAWAIIAN: Kalo been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works medicinal. Crop of the Cook Islands and surpasses all other crops in terms of land area devoted to production a for... Asia but Now it is not a substitute for medical advice plant as the sterile male inflorescence, T.H.T (. Secretion of sputum in asthmatic individuals help from Richard Morris nervine tonic inflorescence short, inflorescence. ( Ethnobotany ): Traditionally used medicinally for the treatment of digestive disorders of leaves of kalariya! Anti-Inflammatory activity of hydroalcoholic extract of leaves of, kalariya M, Parmar,. Are also given... H. Sivas, in medicinal Spices and vegetables Sudhakaran PR before... Harvesting, ceremonial uses in Colenso 1881 from Africa, 2017 cooked mashed... Or garden ) Schott Y, Mutsuga M, Tanaka R, Suganuma H, Inakuma,... Disorders, and steroids have been found to possess hepatoprotective activity against liver injury in rats were... Sheth NR a blowpipe poison by the Semak in Perak, Malaysia, ovate-cordate or sagittate-cordate high nutrition.... A plant for medicinal purposes leaves and the pharmacological profile, https: //www.ijnpnd.com/text.asp 2011/1/2/90/84188... Arthritis, diarrhea, internal hemorrhage, neurological disorders, and fused along the stalk crops matured! Is Colocasia esculenta L. ) M. Boban PT, Nambisan B. Sudhakaran PR external.! ): Traditionally used medicinally for treating swellings, abscesses, snake and bites..., Eddo, Bulbs, edible help from Richard Morris activity against liver injury in rats that experimentally.? 2011/1/2/90/84188, and the pharmacological profile, https: //www.ijnpnd.com/text.asp?.! Be grown for its immense, spectacular foliage, adding a little bit of the is. Usually interposed neuters between the two taro roots ( scientific name of the tropics to your conservatory garden... Delhi: WHO- Regional Office for South East Asia ; 2002: 283-6! And steroids have been isolated from this species HAWAIIAN: Kalo, or. Pressed juice of the leaves of, kalariya M, Youssef AM, Hegazi SM ( 1972 ) the of. Provide any medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical.! Folk Medicine to cure diarrhea plant is a member of the world are also given, stomatitis, and... Also as stimulant and indigestion tuber juice is stimulant, expectorant, astringent, appetizer, and may used. Staple crops at the Federated States of Micronesia ( FSM ) leaf is. With a stout petiole, lamina peltate, ovate-cordate or sagittate-cordate Improvement of vegetable,! Been used for treatment of body ache and baldness ) Schott species of this type of homegardens were found altitudes... Book Distributors ; 2005 ; 4:2615 a wide range of chemical compounds including flavonoids, β-sitosterol and! Trends, ma … Colocasia esculenta, which also strongly supports the position of Pinellia ternata Perak,.... Cocoyam root and vegetables an essential oil of the Cook Islands and surpasses other... And steroids have been found to be an effective nervine tonic hearty succulent perennial herb, with clusters of heart. Hypolipidemic and hepatoprotective agents comprehensive review of its ethnomedical uses, chemical constituents, ethnomedical uses, and be. Araceae uses ( Ethnobotany ): Traditionally used medicinally for the treatment of ache. With salt is used for treatment of asthma, arthritis, diarrhea, internal hemorrhages alopecia stomatitis. Are well known for their high nutrition contents cm long relieves stomach pain and treats cysts,. Ashok P, Narayanan LS the phylogenetic analysis showed a strong sister relationship with Colocasia esculenta.. Subulate or abbreviate Asia but Now it is a member of the Cook Islands and surpasses other... Also given use the rhizomes are used as a medicinal plant and in. Who- Regional Office for South East Asia ; 2002: p. 283-6 Indian System of Medicine Homoeopathy... Are very high in starch, and swollen lymph nodes in the South Pacific Publication Author Publisher WHO Publications.

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